MATERNAL MENTAL ILLNESS & RISK FACTORS: A SYSTEMATIC REVIEW

Dr. Jaya Bharti

Abstract


Background: Pregnant women include a vulnerable population due to various changes that affect their mental health. Mental health problems during the antenatal and postnatal periods affect about one-fifth of pregnant women. Mental illness in pregnant and postpartum women has become a public health concern which has gained attention in recent years. Postpartum depression (PPD) occurring within the first year after delivery, affects 10% to 25% of women globally.
Objective: The purpose of this comprehensive systematic review was to evaluate research evidence on the determinants of inherited mental health disorders among before and after pregnancy in Indian women.
Methods: Using a systematic literature review of observational studies in English, we focused on Indian women who are evaluated for determinants of inherited mental health problems. PubMed, Google Search, Research Gate, Scopus, Medknow/MedLine and various Journal related to mental health during pregnancy were independently searched to identify articles published during 2000–2019.
Results:More than Eighty-Five studies met the inclusion criteria and the results showed a significant relationship between mental health risk and variables among deprivations such as social mental support inside and outside, early marital status, domestic violence, Domestic workload,Frequent unwanted pregnancy, and socio-economic status. The lack of high-quality research evidence has limited appropriate evidence-based planning and production results that are considered necessary to address innate mental health issues for Indian women.
Conclusions: Our results showed that socioeconomic status, Psycho-social support and Frequent and unplanned pregnancy are the most important risk factors for disturbing mental health among Indian women.
Keywords: Depression, risk factors, social support, mental health etc.

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ISSN : 2251-1571