The State of Domestic Violence in Rwanda and the Role of the Man: Root Motives, Manifestations, Consequences and Strategies

Pierre Damien HABUMUREMYI, Vedaste HABAMENSHI

Abstract


This research was about the state of domestic violence in Rwanda and the role of the man: root motives, manifestations, consequences and strategies. A sample population of 220 key informants composed of 110 women and 110 men was randomly selected from 11 Districts representing all Provinces and the City of Kigali. The technique used is a questionnaire designed in form of four levels Likert scale with closed and open questions. Piloting survey was conducted in Rulindo District and the reliability test found that the tool was reliable at 0.96 or 96% which mean excellent reliability. The data was analyzed using IBM SPSS Statistics 23. Key findings: 73.6% of informants women reported having been victims of one or many forms of domestic violence. Intimate partner violence affects all categories of women: Educated and low educated; rural and urban with the following figures: 62.9% of women informants with secondary and university education- combined- reported having been affected; whereas for rural area affected women informants occupy 80% against 70% in urban area. Main forms include: Physical violence (mean = 4.00); Psychological violence (mean = 3.96); Sexual violence (mean = 3.91); Economic Abuse (mean = 3.69). Indicators of intimate partner violence include: bodily signs of violence faced (mean = 4.00); Increase of concubinage (mean = 3.93); Increase of informal polygamy (mean = 3.90); Increase of adultery done by men (mean = 3.87); Misuse of household’s income by the man (mean = 3.85). The research recommends establishing tight punishment for men authors of domestic violence through empowering Abunzi scheme to deal with cases of domestic violence and provide appropriate punishment as home grown solution; to establishing a quick mode of reporting cases of domestic violence at Village level using telephone an ICT technology; to enhance sensitization of the men fighting domestic violence through reinforcement, capacity building and financial support for Inshuti z’Umuryango scheme dealing with issues of domestic violence at Village level; to encourage District to design Performance Contracts promoting women’s economic capability initiatives and promoting financial inclusion of women for self- reliance; to sensitizing women to develop a culture of reporting domestic violence cases experienced.

Key words: Domestic Violence; Intimate Partner Violence, Man.

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ISSN : 2251-1571