MANET ROUTING TECHNIQUES

vani harpanahalli

Abstract


MANET (Mobile Ad-hoc Network) is an autonomous system of mobile nodes establishing ad-hoc or short live network without the intervention of any fixed infrastructure. The absence of fixed infrastructure poses number of different challenges in the area of routing. In order to invent an effective routing mechanism, which can suit the requirements of MANET, various frame works and methods are proposed by the research community. The proposed solutions can be categorized into the following types i.e., Table Driven, On-Demand, Hierarchal, power aware, geographical and multicast routing protocols.

This paper is an effort to provide the detailed analysis and discussion of the important protocols from the above-mentioned categories by presenting the description of their functioning. This paper also facilitate to arrive at an intermediate approach in comparison with table driven and on-demand routing protocols

networks with fixed and wired gateways. The bridges for these networks are known as base stations. As the mobile travels out of range of one base station and into the range of another, a “handoff” occurs from the old base station to the new, and the mobile is able to continue communication seamlessly throughout the network. Typical applications of this type of network include office wireless local area networks (WLAN).


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ISSN : 2251-1563