The impact of Ethiopian Social Protection Program on Household Food Security Status in the case of North- Gondar zone, Ethiopia

MERSHA TEWODROS GETNET

Abstract


Abstract

The impact of Ethiopian Social Protection Program on Household Food Security Status in the case of North- Gondar zone, Ethiopia

A better understanding of achievements of a given program at micro level is required for the organization of technical research and for shaping the direction of action to achieve aims of a given program.  Consequently, this study is expected to generate ideas that would be useful to reveal the impacts of PSNP on household food security status. To this end, quasi-experimental comparisons were made using difference in difference (DID) method between graduate and non-graduate households.  Data were collected from 200 sampled PSNP beneficiary households.  Among the group, 114 graduated households and 86 non-graduate households were investigated.  The result of the study revealed that, with respect to household food security status there is no statistical difference between households graduated from the program and households still enrolled in the program at 5% significant level.  This is in contrary with the program implementation manual as  households are expected to graduate from PSNP when they are food sufficient, which is defined as “when a household able to feed itself for 12 months a year, in the absence of program support as well as binge able to withstand modest shakes” (MARD, 2004).  This is due to targeting, graduation and post-graduation related problem.  Therefore, it is essential to establish appropriate and standard targeting and graduation criteria, which avoid quota graduation and targeting. It is also equally recommended to provide post-graduation support for graduate households during natural and manmade hazards.


 


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ISSN : 2251-1563