Fuel from Crude Oil Washing (COW) Waste

Narendra Bapuraoji Selukar

Abstract


Crude oil washing waste, i.e. COW waste is a washing out residue from the tanks of an oil tanker using the crude oil cargo itself, after that cargo tanks have been emptied. During ‘COW’ processing, considerable amount of oil getting into sea, thus causing the damage to sea environment. Exposure to ‘COW’ waste causing problems like irritation to eyes, skin and respiratory system. It may cause dizziness, rapid heart rate, headaches, confusion, and anemia, etc. ‘COW’ waste is difficult to process. It is black in colour and in an emulsion form. A research work shows that after breaking emulsion, when ‘COW’ waste is subjected to pyrolysis, it undergoes decomposition to give product with lighter hydrocarbons. Again ASTM distillation characteristics of product obtained shows that the product is in the fuel range.

Keywords:

Crude oil washing ‘COW’, Environment and ‘COW’, De-emulsification of ‘COW’ waste, Pyrolysis of ‘COW’ waste, Fuel from ‘COW’ waste.

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ISSN : 2251-1563