The Effect of Gas Emission Thermal Power Plant On The Surrounding Residential Area (Case Study: PLTGU Sengkang GT 11)

Dr. Andi Muhammad Arif Bijaksana

Abstract


Particularly energy sector activities of burning fossil fuels (coal, petroleum, natural gas) is the largest contributor to pollution in the Earth's atmosphere. One of the major users of fossil fuels is the Thermal Power Plant (PLTT) as an electricity provider that is the primary requirement of community life in the city / county in Indonesia.

The analysis used to assess the effect of power plant emmisions (PLTGU) of the housing surrounding the model dispersion (spread) gas in the air. Screen View is a mathematical simulation to calculate the spread of gas emissions in the air around the power plant. It is made by computer programs that generated mathematical equations and algorithms which simulated the spread of pollutants. And perceptions with statistical analysis.

The results on PLTGU Sengkang GT. 11 Wajo Regency the dispersion of gas emissions (S02, CO, N02, TSP) spread from the source after 60 minuts with concentration is (2.47 . 105µg/m3), (8.91 . 10-5µg/m3), (1.0 . 10-04µg/m3), (5.27 . 10-05µg/m3) at the average distance 1,158 m, with dimensions (average) plume is x = 61.65 m , y = 70.59 m, dan z = 41.32 m, which is formed in the direction of the wind. And the results of people's perceptions aspect of human basic needs about PLTGU Sengkang  have unaffected. Similary the standarts aspects of a healthy home.

Keywords :        Gas emission model,  gas concentration and gas  dispersion emissions.


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ISSN : 2251-1563