A new species of Illicium (Illicium arunachalensis) from Arunachal Pradesh, India

Ester Jones Marbaniang, Nagulan Venugopal



In India, Illicium griffithii Hk. f. & Thoms and Illicium simonsii Maxim. are the only 2 species reported so far from North East India.  Recently during the field exploration in Arunachal Pradesh, the authors came across a new species Illicium arunachalensis N.Venugopal & E. J. Marbaniang sp. nov. (Illiciaceae) from Yewang village, which is located in Dirang, West Kameng District of Arunachal Pradesh occurs at 1859 -1954m.   A small aromatic evergreen tree of 4-6 m tall; flowers solitary, axillary or subterminal; tepals 27-29, arranged in 3 whorls, dark pinkish with creamy white patches; stamens 25-27 arranged in two whorls; carpels13, condulplicate; ovary creamy white; style and stigma dark pink, erect, appressed; fruits star-shaped; flowering: April; fruiting: May to August.  The epithet of the species name arunachalensis is derived from the state from where the plant is collected.


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