ENVIRONMENT FRIENDLY MODEL OF BASEMENT PARKING SPACE CONTROL

Wahyu Sardjono, Agus Triyono, Haryoto Kusnoputranto

Abstract


Limitations of land to make the parking area that unites with building. Parking area cause emissions motor vehicle which could affect human health that are directly involved in the parking area. During this control is technical and they did not put in the human behavior. The research is aimed at creating a model control basement parking space environment-friendly, by combining technical aspects to include the role human behavior. This research uses quasi experimental with mixed approach methods (quantitative and qualitative research). Shopping center building population is the region South of Jakarta had the facility, which amount parking area 11 fruit. Samples taken with purposive sampling 2 building shopping centers. From 2 building was there are 150 officers parking lot, who are all made samples or (samples saturated). Data Collection in a manner: 1. Measurements concentration pollutants in the air space parking area; 2. A medical check-up parking officer basement; 3. Filling questionnaire on environment-friendly; 4. Making model control basement parking space environment-friendly. Data Analysis with descriptive and structural equation modeling (SEM). Results of the study showed that: 1) Based on the result analysis of pollutants concentration in the air space parking area is obtained all parameters to fulfill the requirement to The threshold in the regulation of the Minister of Manpower and Transmigration and Conditions in the regulation of the Minister of Health, except the dust total that exceeded maximum concentration in the regulation of the Minister of Health Care; 2) Based on the result analysis of health officials in parking area also Trigger the Syndrome are with the parameter obtained by 30% complain and 70 percent normal lung function; there is trouble gained 17 percent and 83 percent normal; and CO blood provided by 46 percent are female and 54 percent normal. 3) Based on the determining factor on environment-friendly environment-friendly found that the behavior is determined by the attention to behave, while attention is influenced by norma subjective, attitude, and the perception. 4) Based on the structural model research, I make a model for the parking area environmentally-friendly consists of 3 routes to be on environment-friendly, namely a. Norma subjective affected attention and attention influence on ; b. The attitude affected attention and attention influence on; c. Perception influence the, the attitude affected attention and attention influence behavior. From 3 path is that the most powerful its significance is the role norms subjective to levers to influence attention and made on environment-friendly.

Keyword : Control parking area and environment friendly shopping center, environmental sustainability.


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ISSN : 2251-1563