Informatics in Agriculture - The Cyber Way

Jitendra Singh Tomar


Agriculture Extension have seen a wide range of reform initiatives in India in the current time enabling efficient access to quality information to the farmers in Rural India, especially in the field of Agriculture.

This paper aims to divulge how Information Technology has enabled the fast and accurate routines of information processing that vanguard the basic analysis and knowledge development of farmers in India. The engrossment of technology with the Agricultural System in India is important from the economic outlook too; a large share of our National Income comes from agriculture and Indian economy is considered to be Agrarian Economy. In addition, the use of technology is transporting various forms of information to all sections of society and is bridging the Gap of Socio-Economic Divide. The rise in agro-based rural communities is possible using Cyber Extension, which also initiates growth and prosperity and these communities, in turn, could be connected across various demography in India giving rise to knowledge network.

The paper appraises some distinctive agricultural extension programs in India by considering their ability to provide and facilitate information sharing and its use in farming communities in various regions in India.

This paper bestows a munificent overview of the current extension vista in India and provides a synthesis of various Agricultural Extension Programs. Each Project is meant to reach the small hold farmers in most remote part of country and share the information and knowledge in the most relevant manner to fulfill the needs of these marginal and small hold farmers. The utilization of Cyber Extension through Diffusion of ICT is a key to this.


Adinarayana, J., S. Azmi, G. Tewari and D. Sudharsan. (2008). GramyaVikas – a distributed collaboration model for rural development planning. Computers and Electronics in Agriculture 62 (2):128-140.

Annamalai, K., and S. Rao. 2003. What works: ITC’s e-Choupal and profitable rural transformation: Web-based information and procurement tools for Indian farmers. Digital Dividend “What Works” Case Study Series. Washington, D.C.: World Resources Institute

Feder, G., et al. 2010. Promises and realities of community-based agricultural extension. IFPRI Discussion Paper 00959. Washington, D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute..

Hall, A., et al. 2000. Coping with new policy agendas for agricultural research: The role of institutional innovations. ICAR Policy Brief 13. New Delhi: Indian Council of Agricultural Research.

Jones, G.E. (1997) „The history, development and the future of agricultural extension‟ in B.E. Swanson, R.P. Bentz and A.J. Sofranko (1997) Improving agricultural extension – a reference manual. Rome: FAQ.

Kanungo, Shivraj. (2004). On the Emancipatory Role of Rural Information Systems, Information Technology and PeopleVol.17, No. 4 (2004): 407-422

Karnik , Kiran , Jagdish Nazareth & Arup .(1995). The Information Pagdandi ,summary of a proposal for Agricultural Information and Communication under the National Agricultural Technology Project. A World Bank NATP- AIC Report .

Kokate, K. D., et al. 2009. Farmers-led extension: Experiences and road ahead. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education 9(2):18–21.

Nayak, S.K., Thorat, S.B. & Kalyankar, N.V. (2010) „Reaching the unreached: Role of ICT in sustainable Rural development, International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security, Vol. 7, No. 1

Rogers, E. & P. Shukla. (2001). The Role of Telecentres in Development and the Digital Divide, Journal of Development Communication, 12(2)

Singh, K. M., and B. Swanson. 2006. Developing market-driven extension system in India. Proceedings of the Association for International Agricultural and Extension Education, ed. J. R. Vreyens. AIAEE 22nd Annual Conference, Clearwater Beach, Florida, U.S.A.

Sulaiman, R., and A. Hall. 2002. Beyond technology dissemination: Can Indian agricultural extension re-invent itself? ICAR Policy Brief 16. New Delhi: Indian Council of Agricultural Research

The National Bureau of Asian Research (2008). Leveraging Information and Communication Technologies for Sustainable Development in Rural India : A Case study on India‟s Rural Technology and Business Incubator ( RTBI) .

Van den Ban, A. 1998. Supporting farmers’ decision-making process by agricultural extension. Journal of Extension Systems 14:55–64.

Zjip, W. (1994) Improving the Transfer and Use of Agricultural Information: A Guide to Information Technology. World Bank Discussion Paper 247, Washington: World Bank

Agrawal , Binod (2006) c. Communication Technologies and Rural Development in India : Promises and Performances. Indian Media Studies Journal . Vol 1.july-dec.

Bhoomi computerizing land records from

Bist, Singh Rajinder.(2007). ICT enabled Development and Digital Divide:- An Indian Perspective.

Farming First. 2009. Hariyali Kisaan Bazaar: Developing rural businesses in India. .

Gyandoot: The purveyor of knowledge .

ICT in Agriculture .

India, Ministry of Agriculture. 2000. Policy framework for agricultural extension. New Delhi: Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Extension Division.

ITC (Indian Tobacco Company). 2010. e-Choupal. <>.

Jhunjhunwala, A., Ramachandran (2006). Connecting Rural India: Taking a Step Back for Two Forward Information Technology in Developing Countries, Vol. 16, No. 1 (February, 2006), Telecommunications and Computer Networks Group, Madras, IIT-Madras.

MS Swaminathan Research Foundation.

Rama Rao,T.P, ICT and E-Governance for Rural Development.

Saran, Rohit. (2004). „Call of the Countryside‟, India Today, December issue

Sharma (2009), “Rural India Calling”, USID 2009,

Sustainable access in Rural India . html

Tata Chemicals. 2010. Tata Kisan Sansar: Enabling, empowering.

پاراگلایدر Full Text: PDF


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License.

ISSN : 2251-1563