EVALUATION ON HABITAT SUITABILITY INDEX OF SUMATRAN ELEPHANTS (Elephas maximus sumatranus) IN JANTHO PINUS NATURE RESERVE, ACEH

Ma'rifatin Zahrah, Hadi Alikodra, Zulkifli Nasution

Abstract


Jantho Pinus Nature Reserve is an elephant habitat which is located in Aceh Besar District; it is planned to be one of managed elephant range in Ulu Masen Ecosystem. In order to support it as an managed elephant range, it is necessary for the research to use evaluation instrument for bio-ecological parameter of natural habitat. Besides that, social factors also influence the maintaining of the quality and the quantity of forest condition as the habitat of wildlife. The evaluation instrument is the index of habitat suitability which will be applied in managing elephant habitat.

The first stage to create of the habitat suitability index is by determining the rank and evaluating the habitat parameter which is available in the field by comparing the suitability tables so that the model of suitability habitat can be developed and the value of elephant suitability habitat in the research location can be determined. From the result of index calculation, it was found that before component of the villages in around the forest was included, the index of suitability habitat was amount to 89.32. However, after the parameter of the villages around the forest was included as the index component, the value of index reached out to 73. It indicated that the social factor of the villagers took part in determining the sustainability of the area as elephant habitat.

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