A study on the KAP (Knowledge, Attitude & Practices) in the usage of Charcoal as a cooking fuel among women households in Gondar town



Abstract Background

The usage of charcoal as a fuel for cooking among the women households is common in developing countries including Ethiopia because of the cheaper price, the all-time availability of the fuel and also it burns hotter and it is cleaner as compared to wood. Traditional stoves that uses dung and charcoal emit large amounts of Carbon monoxide and noxious gases and they are inefficient and lead to the cause of air pollution when cooking that takes place inside the house. It brings wide range of illness and diseases. Hence, this study was set out to identify the knowledge, attitude and practices of women households when they use charcoal as a fuel for cooking in Gondar town, Ethiopia.


Descriptive research study was conducted using systematic random sampling method. A total of 285 women household using charcoal for cooking participated in the study. Knowledge attitudes and practices of women households about the charcoal fuel they use in cooking was collected using a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics was employed to analyze data. Results

From the knowledge-based questions, for Question number (4, 5,6,8,9 and 10), the majority among the respondents had a correct knowledge about the fuel charcoal and its various consequences. However, there are also wrong knowledge among respondents to Question number (1, 2, 3 and 7).  For the Attitude-based questions, for Question number (1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 8, 9 and 10), the majority had a right attitude with regard to the fuel charcoal and its overall positive and negative sides. Further, for Question number (7) the majority (66.7%) had a wrong attitude. From the Practices-based questions, for Question number (1, 4, 5, 9, 10), the majority had wrong practices and for Question numbers (2, 3, 6, 7, and 8), the majority had correct practices to the usage of charcoal as a fuel for cooking among the women households.

Discussion and conclusion

There are significant numbers of the women households had correct knowledge, attitude and practices when they use charcoal as a fuel for cooking. However, there are also fewer numbers in the respondents had wrong knowledge, attitude and practices about the fuel charcoal when used for cooking. Awareness programs are to be arranged for the overall know how of the biomass fuels as well as the alternative modern fuels such as LPG, kerosene etc.


Keywords: Ethiopia, KAP, charcoal, cooking, biomass fuels, modern fuels

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ISSN : 2251-1555