Human Capital, Gender and the Labor Market in Senegal

Mame Cheikh Anta SALL, Moussa THIAW


The main objective of this article is to analyze the factors behind wage inequalities between men and women taking into account the qualification levels between these two groups. To achieve this goal, we used the standard Oaxaca model which allowed us to break down wages between these two groups to see the determinants of the gender pay gap. However, before decomposing, the determinants of salary were studied primarily through the Heckman selection model, for the entire population but also specifically for each sex. The main result is that men earn on average higher wages than women in all segments of the Senegalese labor market. An in-depth analysis of the factors behind these disparities was carried out. The results showed that there is a pay gap of 3.69% in the skilled segment and 5.41% in the non-skilled segment. The salary gap is therefore greater in the non-skilled segment.

Keywords : Human capital ; gender ; labor market

JEL Classification numbers : E24 ; J16 ; J40

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ISSN : 2251-1555