میز اداری صندلی مدیریتی صندلی اداری تبلیغات کلیکی میز تلویزیون پاراگلایدر آگهی رایگان محسن چاوشی دانلود آهنگ جدید خرید اینترنتی وبلاگدهی گن لاغری عکس بازیگران

INFORMAL FOOD & LOCAL BEVERAGE TRADE: SURVIVALISTS’ BUSINESSES FOR WOMEN AND DESTITUTE

Assegid Shishigu, Minbiyew Mekonnen

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to identify the conditions and the challenges that affect women engaged in urban informal food and local beverage businesses. A sample of 223 women from three towns (Gondar and Debretabor), Amhara National, Regional State, Ethiopia was randomly selected. Adapted research instrument is used. Data was collected through enumerator. The findings of the study revealed that 81 % of the respondents were single, widows or divorced. They started the business for survival. The result of their activities is only hand- to- mouth. Their business is mainly stagnant or doesn’t show growth (89%).But only 3% have a desire to quit. Most of their customers are very poor and destitute part of the society that can’t afford to buy their basic needs from formal businesses. The main challenges to urban informal food and local beverage businesses are higher cost of material (82%), too many competitors (85 %), lack of finance/capital (72 %), lack of sufficient training and advice (75 %), and expensive house rent (69 %). This study also reveals that the counter-effect on soil fertility because they are using cow-dug and woods for fuel conception.

Key words: Informal Business, Food and Local beverage, Destitute, Women

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ISSN : 2251-1555