Environmental Sustainability of Ecotourism

Kalpana Agrawal, Harshit Baranwal

Abstract


Ecotourism typically involves travel to destinations where flora, fauna and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. It focuses on volunteering or volun-tourism, personal growth and environmental responsibility. It discourages mass tourism, mass constructions of hotels, tourism resorts and mass activities in fragile areas. One of the goals of ecotourism is to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats. Tourism is the largest business sector in the global economy, accounting for $3.6 trillion in economic activity and 8 percent of jobs worldwide. Within the industry, ecotourism is the fastest growing subsector, expanding by 20-34 percent per year since the early 1990s. Although ecotourism is considered environmentally sustainable by definition, experts at  Global Ecotourism Conference 2007 raised concern that ecotourism could be contributing to global warming and environmental damage. The present paper delves in to the same.


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ISSN : 2251-1555