Agriculture production and food security in Himalayan state Uttarakhand of India

Nidhi Arora, Pawan Deep Singh

Abstract


Food security is a socio-economic issue directly linked to human health and sustainable development. Decrease in agriculture production may impact directly to food security, deficit agricultural production may invite to imports and hence increasing the price of the agricultural products making difficult to implement food security. Investments in agriculture are important to increase food security. The channels are complex and multiple. Rising productivity increases rural incomes and lowers food prices, making food more accessible to the poor. In Himalayas, food security of communities primarily depends on local agricultural productivity and food purchasing power. Major constraints of food security vary from fragmentation of agriculture land to fragility of landscape, high rate of erosion, low soils fertility, traditional methods of cultivation, poor infrastructural facilities including lack of proper market and finance. In Uttarakhand there are maximum hill districts making it difficult for the people inhabited in hill regions. Agriculture production as well as ensuring food security for all is an important challenge for the world community. This study shows a contribution of increased agriculture productivity to achieve food security.Study analysed various causes for agriculture instability and causing food insecurity therefore growth agriculture food grains should be increased as it plays an important role in the process of food security.


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ISSN : 2251-1555