ICT4D, A Driver of Socio- Economic Development in Rwanda: Situation 2000-2015



The government of Rwanda (GoR) committed itself to developing and implementing Information and Communication Technology for Development (ICT4D) policies and action plans within the context of the Vision for Rwanda to transform Rwanda’s predominantly agricultural economy by the year 2020 into: (i) A high-income economy dominated by trading in ICT products and services; (ii) An economy characterized by a large commercial services sector with a reasonably large and vibrant ICT services sub-sector and industry; (iii) An economy characterized by a technology-based and knowledge-driven industrial sector; (iv) An economy with a globally competitive industrial and services sector which is, to a large extent, driven by cutting-edge research and development (R&d) activities; (v) An economy based on a rich pool of highly skilled human resources in critical skill areas relevant for developing and maintaining a competitive edge on the global market”.

Adopted in 2000, Vision 2020 aims to transform Rwanda into a middle-income country and transition her agrarian economy to an information-rich, knowledge-based one by 2020. GoR strongly believes that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) can enable Rwanda leap-frog the key stages of industrialization. As such, GoR has integrated ICTs, through the National Information and Communication Infrastructure (NICI) process of four five-year rolling plans, as a key driver for socio-economic development to fast track Rwanda’s economic transformation, and consistently strives to align the country’s development agenda to global trends in order to be competitive. Rwanda strives to leverage ICTs in all sectors of the economy and is registering tremendous progress.

The present research aims to highlight key socio- economic improvements achieved by Rwanda due to the implementation of ICT technologies.  Using Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, the research found that ICT has lead Rwanda to international awards justifying remarkable improvements achieved in all sectors such as Agriculture, Health, Education, Governance, Private Sector, Commerce, Finance and Business and Social welfare. In fact, in 2010, Rwanda was the top global reformer in the World Bank Doing Business report and second global reformer out of 183 countries in 2011. Rwanda is also the 9th easiest place to start a business in the world and the 6th most competitive economy in Sub-Saharan Africa. This has largely been a result of several reforms including online business registration, aimed at making the business environment more conducive.


Key words: Development, ICT4D, Information, Socio- Economic Development.

Jel Code: (01, 02)

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ISSN : 2251-1555