Crop Wise Co-Efficient of Variation Analysis for food and non-food crops in Villupuram District During 1998-2009

V. Kalaiselvi

Abstract


This study focus on the  crop wise co-efficient of variation analysis   carried out to see the variations in area, production and productivity exhibit the fact that the coefficient of variation  in the case of area under paddy shows greater variation during 1998-2009. all India level as well as in Tamil Nadu (TN) the following agricultural scenario exist: the dropping of land available for food grain cultivation, fragmented holding of land; restrictive and out dated land laws that do not give farmers enough flexibility, over dependence on agriculture for employment due to slow growth of non-farm sector in villages; just 4% of the global freshwater resource supporting 16% of the world population in India. The required reforms included; an extension which could respond to market signals for diversified agriculture, facilitating efficient markets with adequate mechanisms for market intelligence, establishing  effective and functional rural credit market, developing  insurance and safety to cushion against the risk of diversification and the delivery packages to improve farmer income associated with gradual adjustment of input pricing. Investments in processing both public and private sectors need to be considerably increased. In this context, the area is also shifted from paddy to sugarcane. So the diversification is taking place between the food crops and non-food crops it Villupuram district. The farmers should be motivated for multiple crop-mix of high value commodities like fruits and vegetables rather than on the production of traditional crops. Among the non-food crops, groundnut’s area, production and productivity show greater fluctuation during the study period.


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ISSN : 2251-1555