A STUDY ON OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE COST OF IRRIGATION PROJECTS IN ANDHRAPRADESH

Dr.BHARATHI DEVI ANCHULA, Dr.PADMASREE JALANDHAR KARAMALA, ANJANEYA REDDY BHAVANAM

Abstract


The  water use efficiency  in irrigation sector in india is of the order of only 25%  to 35% in most irrigation system ,with efficiency  of 40% to 45% in a few exceptional cases. The problem is not due to absolute shortage of water, it is due to the absence of the proper mechanism for conservation and distribution in efficient use. At this point of view  operation and maintenance and rehabilitation costs of irrigation projects are most important  for efficient use but the system represents gross neglect and mismanagement of water resources.We have outlined the main observation for  operation and maintenance cost under various sources. Where the maintenance cost, financial insufficiency as resulted in the adhoc mechanisms initiated by institutions at ground level as well as the government mindset driven by bureaucrats, unimaginativeness to optimize the maintenance of irrigation schemes. In some, it is observed that the operation and maintenance aspect has become more a ‘political and bureaucratic’ nexus. There is need to change the ‘mind set’ of policy makers to ‘re-look’ into the whole operation and maintenance institutional arrangements for the devolution financial, operation and distribution aspects.


References


Rahaman, M.K. (2000): Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of Irrigation Projects in Andhra Pradesh, CADA, Hyderabad.

G.O. Ms.No. 115 revenue LR -3 Department, Dated 13/2/2001.

Ratna Reddy,V. and Prudhvikar Reddy (2005): How Participatory is Participation Irrigation Management (PIM), A study of Water Users Associations in Andhra Pradesh, CESS, Hyderabad, p.1.

Government of Andhra Pradesh Amendment on APFMIS Act 1997 (2003): the Andhra Pradesh farmers management of irrigation systems act (act 11of 1997) I & CADA.


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ISSN : 2251-1555