HEALTH STATUS OF FISHER WOMEN –A CASE STUDY OF VISAKHAPATNAM DISTRICT

Anitha Kumari T

Abstract


Health status has become an important component of human development measure. Both from the point of view of the individuals and from the point of view of the nation, there is great necessity to raise the health status of the people. It is only then welfare of the people can be promoted. Even if a country is very rich in material, monetary and human resources, it is of no use, because these resources cannot be exploited properly due to widespread ill health of the people. Morbidity rate is an important indicator of health measurement. The social scientists have a role to play in tracing morbidity and health patterns and in explaining health seeking behavior in order to devise appropriate policies to protect and maintain human health.

The study of morbidity patterns becomes imperative in sub- continent like India with substantial regional, rural-urban and social group differentials in the standards relative to quality of life.  Health is an indicator of well-being that has direct implications not only for the quality of life but also indirect implications for the production of economic goods and services.  “Health for all by the year 2000” was a national goal set by W.H.O several years ago in Alma Ata.  The levels of morbidity were high especially among infants, children, women and the elderly.  There is also a high incidence of communicable diseases normally associated with low levels of sanitation and public hygiene, poor quality of drinking water and under nutrition and malnutrition. In this context, an attempt is made to analyze the morbidity pattern of fisher women in Visakhapatnam district.

On the whole, much difference is not noticed regarding the determinants of morbidity levels in the case of combined sample as well as rural and urban households. The determinants are almost similar in the case of combined sample as well as the rural and urban households.  The statistical analysis relating to the morbidity levels ultimately reveals that economic factors are the most crucial determinations of health status of the poor households compared to social factors. However the size of the family, a social factor is found to be a significant determinant of health status. This research paper analyzes the morbidity pattern and medical attention received by the fisher women in the study area.


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ISSN : 2251-1555