DEMOCRACY, GOVERNANCE AND THE CHALLENGES OF DEVELOPMENT IN AFRICA

Kolawole Shittu Adebisi, MUYIWA SAMUEL ADEDAYO

Abstract


This paper examines African states’ proclivities towards democracy in their search for development and offers a comparative analysis of regional democracy and its impact on development in Africa. It highlights the importance of democracy as a process and development as an outcome whilst accesses the linkages that exist between them. While this paper argues that the universal features that define democracy are requisite for development anywhere, there are however some peculiar factors that stringently inhibit the manifestation of this relationship in Africa. These factors, in their internal and external forms, are epitomized by leadership failures and mismanagement across the continent, posing enormous threats to the development aspirations of the people. These failures account for the ignorant acceptance of the neo-imperialistic assumptions smuggled into the definition of democracy. It accounts for the inability to provide the basic needs of the people in spite of huge resources, both material and human. The paper thus concludes that Africa can achieve a sustainable, human-centered development only through the development and practice of democratic governance.


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ISSN : 2251-1547