ROLES AND CHALLENGES OF INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL POLICE ORGANIZATION (INTERPOL) IN INVESTIGATION OF CRIMES AND MAINTENANCE OF GLOBAL SECURITY

Dr Temitope Francis Abiodun

Abstract


The International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) is a global police agency whose main aims are to: assist states in the global system work together to investigate international crimes and bring offenders to prosecution; maintain global security; facilitate worldwide police cooperation and crime control; provide support services, expertise, and training to law enforcements worldwide; and as well focus on some areas of insecurity and transnational crime: terrorism, cybercrime, and organized crime. The INTERPOL that was founded in 1923 in Vienna, Austria, is headquartered in Lyon, France with seven (7) Regional Bureaus (RBs) globally and also having National Central Bureaus (NCBs) in all 194 member states, making it the world largest police organization. The agency also facilitates cooperation among national law enforcement institutions via the various criminal databases and communications networks. The agency is as well, bedeviled with an avalanche of security challenges in executing some of its fundamental responsibilities. Therefore, the study in its own objective, reviews the security challenges and criticisms that serve as clogs in the wheel of INTERPOL as a global police agency in discharging its responsibilities which include: bias, politically-motivated arrests/harassment of oppositions; involvement in multi-billion deals with culprits; corruption; unfair trials amongst others. Towards repositioning the agency to remain highly responsive and strategic in its fight against international crimes and insecurity, the study recommends the need to incorporate and integrate effective reforms in the system in order to carry out its primary assignments without fear or favour in the global system. Recommendations of the study include: shunning corruption, dissociation from politics in the discharge of its duties, fair trials, lack of bias, and respect for fundamental human rights among others.

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ISSN : 2251-1571