The Head Masters’ Instructional Leadership Role in Primary Schools in Mauritius: A Case Study

Dr. Belle Louis Jinot, Manikon Ramoo


The headmaster’s primary role in the primary school is to act as an instructional leader. He/she has to ensure that the core mission of the school – effective teaching and learning - is achieved. With effective instruction, it is likely that pupils perform better academically. This paper examined the role of headmasters as instructional leaders and the relationship between instructional leadership and pupils’ achievement in primary schools in Mauritius. It also investigated into the strategies that the headmaster may adopt to promote effective teaching and learning for greater pupil achievement. This study used the qualitative research approach to gather information from headmasters in five primary schools in the Educational Zone 1. Individual interviews were carried out among headmasters respectively. It was also found that the headmaster should be a resource provider; he/she should empower teachers, lead on-the-job training, lead learning, do visioning, maintain healthy relationships with the teachers in the school, manage learner discipline, motivate teachers and share responsibilities with the stakeholders. Based on these findings, it is recommended that the headmaster should deeply be involved in curriculum development and monitoring, delegate administrative tasks, do time and priority management, and promote parent engagement in learner discipline management at schools.
Key words: instructional leadership, pupil achievement, discipline, headmasters, teachers.

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ISSN : 2251-1571