LIVING CONDITIONS OF IRULA TRIBES OF GINGEE TALUK, VILLUPURAM DISTRICT, TAMIL NADU

Sinu E

Abstract


The largest tribal population is found in India and they constitute nearly 8% of the Indian total population. One of the Largest Tribes in Tamil Nadu is Irulas and it has been facing several psycho-social-economic problems during last two decades. Earlier they were traditionally snake trappers, with the ban on trading snake and its skins without any alternative rehabilitative measures their living conditions of their life has been affected. It is in this context, the researcher made an attempt to study the living conditions of the Irular tribal Community. Findings revealed that 66% illiteracy, negative attitude towards education and girl children education, (84%)inadequate housing conditions, majority were involved in farming, have job insecurity, low income, indebtedness, 81% live under below poverty line, none of them were having banking facilities, toilet facility at home, most of them do not have community certificate to avail govt welfare measures, alcohol dependence is seen among men folk, poor quality of life, poor health care facility and overall poor living condition. The study also revealed that they live in joint family, do not promote dowry, inter-caste marriage, men and women enjoy equal social status, live in harmony and actively participate in self-help group, temple festivals along with other community.

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