The Socio-environmental impacts of the urbanization of Sousse city

Amel Jlassi, Dhia Elhak Essouaid, Hihem REJEB

Abstract


The commune of Sousse, benefiting from a strategic position on the Mediterranean coast. It is characterized by a spatial and demographic dynamic. The effect of its urban extension is reflected in the passage from a compact Medina surrounded by orchards and olive trees to an almost continuous urban area, limited by an industrial zone in the South and a tourist zone in the North. Today, due to this "unequal" development of its territory, the city of Sousse faces certain threats: The socio-spatial, territorial and ecological disparities between the North and the South constitute a real threat at the level of social cohesion inside the municipality of Sousse. Spontaneous housing and the increased phenomenon of internal migration may increase insecurity in the city. In particular, the aesthetic degradation of the urban landscape and various forms of pollution (atmospheric, sound, visual) also contribute to widening the gap between the citizens of the South and those of the North of the commune. In addition, the municipality of Sousse presents many challenges, in terms of governance and urban planning. We adopt a multidisciplinary approach to place the reflection on urban planning and the living environment of the municipality of Sousse.


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ISSN : 2251-1547