The Contribution of Agriculture Export Crops on Macroeconomics in Rwanda





Rwanda’s Agricultural export sector goes back to the early 1930s. At the time of independence, in 1962, Rwanda was an exporter of coffee (55%), pyrethrum (3%) and tea (2%). Coffee became widespread in the late 1930s. Pyrethrum was introduced during the same period in areas where coffee trees could not grow. Tea was introduced later, in the early 1950s, by European and Asian settlers. Until very recently, these products have accounted for over 90% of Rwanda’s merchandise exports. Horticulture production and consumption dates far back in the pre colonial era during which native fruits and vegetables formed a considerable proportion of Rwandan’s diets.

The present research, using Qualitative and Quantitative Method, data being mainly taken from the World Bank, targets the real contribution of Agricultural Export Crops to each of Macroeconomics indicators such as Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Balance of Payment (BOP), Employment, Consumer Price Index (CPI) and Government Fiscal and Monetary Policy. The research found that agricultural sector remains the economic backbone of Rwanda, employing about 87 % of the working population, producing around 46% of GDP and generating about 80% of the total export revenues.


Key Words: Agriculture Export Crops, Balance of Payment, CPI, Employment,

Macroeconomics, GDP.


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ISSN : 2251-1547