Religion, Spirituality and Mental Health: A Review of Literature

Marjan Karimipour, Siti Salwa Md. Sawari, Muhaidi Mustaffa Al Hafiz


Spiritual intelligence/quotient (SQ) suggests a practical tertiary brain process for synchronous neural oscillations that combine data across the whole brain. It unifies, integrates and likely to transform material arising from the processes of reason and emotion. Spiritual intelligence enables dialogue to be carried out between mind and body, reason and emotion. Spiritual intelligence is related to human need and talent to find meaning in the experience. Islamic spiritual intelligence develops together with spiritual knowledge (i’lm) and spiritual action (a’mal). There is a positive relationship between spiritual intelligence and spirituality (pray, memorizing Qur’an) and mental health. In conclusion, spirituality has a significant influence on the quality of life and it goes without saying that adolescence is a sensitive period which requires careful guidance so that the youngsters will have a brighter future and be ready to face difficulties. This includes helping adolescents understand their purpose in life. However, this is often the neglected part of our intelligence. Islam establishes a constant awareness, mindfulness and consciousness of God in everything that a Muslim says or does. The Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) emphasized on developing a good character by engaging a constant practice of prayer, meditation, remembrance of God and other activities, as these actions change the heart and thereby bring one closer to God. Islam has a unique view on spirituality as it encompasses all aspects of a Muslim’s life.



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