Single Parenting and Academic Performance of Children in Primary Schools in Sierra Leone

Patrick Brima Kapuwa


It remains unquestionable that pupils’ educational achievement is related to parents’ social class yet the mechanisms that form this relationship are not well understood. For decades and even centuries, one of the major concerning issues to the conservatives and modern African literate, is the issue of single-parenting. Single-parenting is already becoming a fast and rapidly growing trend in the society.  In most parts of Africa, parental roles are culturally determined. Maternal role is characteristic of child care and home making while the paternal role revolves around economic responsibilities and discipline of children. Generally, it will be the responsibility of the family, to train and bring up the child in the norms and values of the society. They both are responsible for the educational and career development, together with the psychological and emotional welfare of the child. However, divorce and separation of various kinds or death of one spouse may leave such roles in the hands of a single parent. The family structure, ideally, will provide a sense of security and stability that will be necessary for children. When there shall be a breakdown in the family structure, it will have a tremendous impact on a child and their ability to function ordinarily or achieve academically.

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ISSN : 2251-1547