The Analysis of Community Adaptation Process in Constructing Disaster Prone City

henita rahmayanti

Abstract


Natural disaster is an event that cannot be eliminated or postponed.  However, we could  reduce the risk through mitigation planning, structurally or non-structurally related with the physical construction, include the spatial planning that suitable with the vulnerability of the region.  With the ability to adapt within a disaster-prone city, community has a  major role in mitigation process.  This adaptation affected by the comprehension  and perception of the community.  The purpose of the study is to analyze the adaptation process using the variables of social, economic, cultural, and physical factors that affecting the comprehension and it will affect the perception.  Another factor that will affect the perception is the mitigation preparation in facilities and infrastructure.

The application of  cognitive theory for society adaptation in planning disaster-prone city spatial with 455 survey respondent by using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) is one of the multivariate analyzes that analyze the relationship between variables thoroughly complex and simultaneous.  The first step to see how far the data support the model we use the value indicators of Goodness Of Fit Index (GOFI) latent variable on testing Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA); it shows a very good match, the model is saturated perfect fit The scope of the research is the implementation of disaster-prone mitigation with research sites in Padang especially in the West.

The research shows that cognitive theory is affecting the perception and it influence the adaptation that used to constructing significant model in research data.


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ISSN : 2251-1547